Estimated Vineyard Establishment Cost per Acre

9 x 7 ft spacing (691 vines/A) w/ post spaced 28 ft apart

 

Pre-Plant (Fall prior to planting):

Labor

Machinery

Materials

Total
Cost

Your
Estimate

Hours

Cost

Hours

Cost

Units

Cost

Soil test (Sampling @ 0-6" & 6-12" depth over 2.5A; $14 / sample)

.4

3.20

 

 

2

11.20

14.40

 

Plow (50 hp tractor w/ 3-bottom 16" mowboard plow)

.5

4.00

.5

6.15

 

 

10.15

 

Subsoil (2 ways, 50 hp tractor w/ 2 shanks)

1.8

14.40

1.8

22.14

 

 

36.54

 

Disk (2x)and drag (50 hp tractor w/ 10' disk)

.5

4.00

.5

6.15

 

 

10.15

 

Sow cover crop (common Kentucky bluegrass @ $2.00 / lb)

.3

2.40

.3

2.16

44 lb

88.00

92.56

 

Amend soil (Materials will be based on soil analysis for pH, P & K)

.2

1.60

.2

3.95

 

 

5.55

 

Total pre-plant cost:

 

 

 

 

 

 

169.35

 

 

Planting Year (Year 1):

Layout & mark rows

2.0

16.00

 

 

55

2.57

18.57

 

Kill sod in vine rows w/ glyphosate (3ft strip)

.5

4.00

.5

4.86

.2 gal

9.00

17.86

 

Score vine rows w/ a sub soil shank

.5

4.00

.5

4.02

 

 

8.02

 

Plant vines w/ a tree planter (4 workers; vines @ $1.75)

8.0

64.00

2.0

29.60

691

1209.25

1302.85

 

Total planting cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,347.30

 

 

Trellis materials:

3" x 8' CCA-treated line post @ $4.25

 

 

 

 

165

701.25

 

 

5" x 10' CCA-treated end post @ $13.25

 

 

 

 

22

291.50

 

 

Earth anchors w/ 4" helix & 40" shank @ $8.87

 

 

 

 

22

195.14

 

 

12.5 ga HT wire, 2 strands, (4,000 ft roll @ $60.00/roll)

 

 

 

 

2.53 rolls

151.80

 

 

Wire strainer @ $2.25

 

 

 

 

22

49.50

 

 

Wire strainer handle

 

 

 

 

1

1.95

 

 

Crimping sleeves @ $.12

 

 

 

 

88

10.56

 

 

Crimping tool

 

 

 

 

1

45.50

 

 

2" Staples (53/lb @ $1.25/lb)

 

 

 

 

14.5 lb

  18.13 

 

 

# 9 Wire (to attach end post to anchor, @ $.053/ft)

 

 

 

 

308 ft

16.32

 

 

Total materials cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

1481.65

 


 

 

 

Year 1 (continued):

Labor

Machinery

Materials

Total
Cost

Your
Estimate

Hours

Cost

Hours

Cost

Units

Cost

Trellis installation:

Mark post locations w/ 10" pot stakes

1.0

8.00

 

 

187

8.75

16.75

 

Distribute post (2 workers)

4.0

32.00

2.0

14.36

 

 

46.36

 

Drive line post (2 workers @ 3 min./post)

16.5

132.00

8.25

125.24

 

 

257.24

 

Auger 12" x 4' holes for end post (2 workers @ 2 min./hole)

1.5

12.00

.75

11.39

 

 

23.39

 

Set end post (2 workers @ 6 min./post)

4.4

35.20

 

 

 

 

35.20

 

Install end post anchors w/ PTO attachment (2 workers @ 5 min)

3.6

28.80

1.8

27.32

 

 

56.12

 

String, attach, & tighten  wires @ 42"(training) & 6' (cordon) 

15.0

120.00

 

 

 

 

120.00

 

Total installation cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

519.86

 

 

First Year Cultural:

Install grow tube (@ .36) w/ 4 ft bamboo stakes (@ .095) & tie to training wire

10.0

80.00

 

 

691

316.56

396.56

 

Flower cluster removal

3.8

30.40

 

 

 

 

30.40

 

Fertilize by hand (0.08 lb N per vine as urea)

3.8

30.40

 

 

120 lb

14.40

44.80

 

Water by hand (2 x)

16.0

128.00

16.0

114.88

 

 

242.88

 

Weed control, oryzalin after planting (3 ft strip)

1.0

8.00

1.0

8.45

.33 gal

27.72

44.17

 

Mow row middles (5 x)

1.7

13.60

1.7

14.72

 

 

28.32

 

Insect & disease control (6 sprays; 25% canopy)

2.5

20.00

2.50

27.13

 

30.21

77.34

 

Remove grow tube & tie canes to stake w/ .5” plant tie tape (150 ft rolls plus staples)

11.5

92.00

 

 

9.2 rolls

16.30

108.30

 

Plant tying machine (Max Tapener)

 

 

 

 

1

49.07

49.07

 

Total cultural cost:

 

 

 

 

 

 

1021.84

 

Land charge

 

 

 

 

 

   

120.00

 

Annual operating cash expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,660.00

 

Operating interest @ 8% for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

186.40

 

Total Annual Cash Expense Year 1:

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,846.40

 

class=Section2>

 

 

 

Year 2:

Labor

Machinery

Materials

Total
Cost

Your
Estimate 

 

Hours

Cost

Hours

Cost

Units

Cost

Dormant prune & tie canes

8.6

68.80

 

 

 

2.23

71.03

 

Weed control:

Pre-emergence w/ oryzalin (3 ft strip)

 

1.0

 

8.00

 

1.0

 

8.45

 

.33 gal

 

27.72

 

44.17

 

Spot treat w/ glyphosate

1.0

8.00

1.0

8.45

.08 gal

3.60

20.05

 

Mow row middles (5 x)

1.7

13.60

1.7

14.72

 

 

28.32

 

Replanting (2% of initial planting @ 5 min/vine)

1.2

9.60

 

 

14

24.50

34.10

 

Fertilize (.08 lb N/vine as urea broadcasted)

.3

2.40

.3

2.84

120 lb

14.40

19.64

 

Canopy Management:

Shoot thinning and shoot tying to stake (2 x) w/ plant tie tape (150 ft rolls)

 

23.0

 

184.00

 

 

 

9.2 rolls

 

16.30

 

200.30

 

Flower cluster removal

9.0

72.00

 

 

 

 

72.00

 

Insect & disease control (10 sprays; 50% canopy)

4.2

33.60

4.2

54.26

 

158.14

246.00

 

Land charge

 

 

 

 

 

 

120.00

 

Annual operating cash expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

855.61

 

Operating interest:

Current year @ 8% for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

34.22

 

Year 1 accrued expense ($4846.40 @ 8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

387.71

 

Total  Expense Year 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,277.54

 

Total Accumulated Expense through Year 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,123.94

 

 

Year 3:

Pruning

15.0

120.00

 

 

 

 

120.00

 

Cordon training & tying w/ 5 mm binding tube (1968 ft/ball)

17.0

136.00

 

 

1.4 balls

73.20

209.20

 

Shred or remove brush

.5

4.00

.5

4.33

 

 

8.33

 

Weed control:

Pre-emergence w/ oryzalin (3 ft strip)

 

1.0

 

8.00

 

1.0

 

8.45

 

.33 gal

 

27.72

 

44.17

 

Spot treat w/ glyphosate

1.0

8.00

1.0

8.45

.08 gal

3.60

20.05

 

Mow row middles (5 x)

1.7

13.60

1.7

14.72

 

 

28.32

 

Canopy Management:

Shoot thinning

 

11.5

 

92.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

92.00

 

Shoot positioning (2 x)

23.0

184.00

 

 

 

 

184.00

 

Cluster thinning (French hybrids only)

11.5

92.00

 

 

 

 

92.00

 

Insect & disease control (12 sprays; 87% canopy)

5.0

40.00

5.0

64.60

 

269.06

373.66

 

Fertilization:

Petiole analysis (for 2.5 A @ $25.00/sample)

 

.3

 

2.40

 

 

 

 

10.00

 

12.40

 

N fertilizer @ .08 lb N/vine as urea broadcasted

.3

2.40

.3

2.84

120 lb

14.40

19.64

 


 


 

 

 

Year 3 continued:

Labor

Machinery

Materials

Total
Cost

Your Estimate

Hours

Cost

Hours

Cost

Units

Cost

Harvest cost on  1.5 tons@ $1.25 per 30 lb lug

3.4

27.20

1.7

12.21

100

125.00

164.41

 

Harvest lugs @ $8.50 ea

 

 

 

 

70

595.00

595.00

 

Land charge

 

 

 

 

 

 

120.00

 

Annual  operating cash expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,083.18

 

Operating interest:

Current year @ 8%  for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

83.33

 

Years 1 & 2 accrued expenses ($6123.94 @ 8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

489.92

 

Total Expense for Year 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,656.43

 

Total Accumulated Expenses through Year 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,780.37

 

Harvest Income on 1.5 tons @ $1,000 / ton

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,500.00

 

Net Investment at end of Year 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,280.37

 

 

Year 4:

Pruning

23.0

184.00

 

 

 

 

184.00

 

Cordon training & tying w/ 5 mm binding tube

5.0

40.00

 

 

.5 ball

26.06

66.06

 

Shred or remove brush

.5

4.00

.5

4.33

 

 

8.33

 

Weed Control:

Pre-emergence w/ simazine + oryzalin (3 ft strip)

 

1.0

 

8.00

 

1.0

 

8.45

.9 lb

.33 gal

4.05

27.72

 

48.22

 

Spot treat w/ glyphosate

1.0

8.00

1.0

8.45

.08 gal

3.60

20.05

 

Mow row middles (5 x)

1.7

13.60

1.7

14.72

 

 

28.32

 

Canopy Management:

Shoot thinning

 

11.5

 

92.00

 

 

 

 

 

92.00

 

Shoot positioning (2 x)

23.0

184.00

 

 

 

 

184.00

 

Cluster thinning (French hybrids only)

11.5

92.00

 

 

 

 

92.00

 

Insect & disease control (12 sprays; full canopy)

5.0

40.00

5.0

64.60

 

309.27

413.87

 

Fertilization:

Petiole analysis (for 2.5 A @ $25.00/sample)

 

.3

 

2.40

 

 

 

 

10.00

 

12.40

 

N fertilizer @ .1 lb N/vine as urea broadcasted

.3

2.40

.3

2.84

150 lb

18.03

23.27

 

Harvest Cost on 3.0 tons @ $1.25 / 30 lb lug

5.4

43.20

2.7

19.39

200

250.00

312.59

 

Harvest lugs @ 8.50 ea.

 

 

 

 

50

425.00

425.00

 

Land charge

 

 

 

 

 

120.00

120.00

 

Annual operating cash expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,030.11

 

Operating interest:

Current year @ 8% for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

81.20

 

Net investment through Year 3 ($7280.37 @ 8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

582.43

 

Total Expenses Year 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,693.74

 

Total Accumulated Expense through Year 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,974.11

 

Harvest income on 3.0 tons @ $1,000/ton

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,000.00

 

    Net Investment through Year 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,974.11

 

 

 

 

Year 5:

Labor

Machinery

Materials

Total
Cost

Your Estimate

 

Hours

Cost

Hours

Cost

Units

Cost

Pruning

23.0

184.00

 

 

 

 

184.00

 

Cordon training & tying w/ 5 mm binding tube

2.5

20.00

 

 

.2 ball

10.42

30.42

 

Shred or remove brush

.5

4.00

.5

4.33

 

 

8.33

 

Weed Control:

Pre-emergence w/ simazine + oryzalin (3 ft strip)

 

1.0

 

8.00

 

1.0

 

8.45

.9 lb

.33 gal

4.05

27.72

 

48.22

 

Spot treat w/ glyphosate

1.0

8.00

1.0

8.45

.08 gal

3.60

20.05

 

Mow row middles (5 x)

1.7

13.60

1.7

14.72

 

 

28.32

 

Canopy management:

Shoot thinning

 

11.5

 

92.00

 

 

 

 

 

92.00

 

Shoot positioning (2 x)

23.0

184.00

 

 

 

 

184.00

 

Cluster thinning (French hybrids only)

11.5

92.00

 

 

 

 

92.00

 

Insect & disease control (12 sprays)

5.0

40.00

5.0

64.60

 

309.27

413.87

 

Fertilization:

Petiole analysis (for 2.5 A @ $25 / sample)

 

.3

 

2.40

 

 

 

 

10.00

 

12.40

 

N fertilizer @ .1 lb N/vine as urea broadcasted

.3

2.40

.3

2.84

150 lb

18.03

23.27

 

Land charge

 

 

 

 

 

 

120.00

 

Harvest cost on 3.5 tons @ $1.25 / 30 lb lug

6.0

48.00

3.0

21.54

234

292.50

362.04

 

Annual operating cash expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,618.92

 

Operating interest:

Current year @ 8% for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64.76

 

Net investment through Year 4 ($6974.11 @ 8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

557.93

 

Total Expense Year 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,241.61

 

Total Accumulated Expense through Year 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,215.72

 

Harvest income on 3.5 tons @ $1,000/ton

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,500.00

 

Net investment after 5 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,715.72

 

 

Year 6:

Annual operating cash expense (same as Year 5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,618.92

 

Operating interest:

Current year @ 8% for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64.76

 

Net investment through Year 5 ($5,715.72 @ 8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

457.26

 

Total Expense Year 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,140.94

 

Total Accumulated Expense through Year 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,856.66

 

Harvest income on 3.5 tons @ $1,000 / ton

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,500.00

 

Net investment through  6 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,356.66

 


 

 

 

Year 7:

Labor

Machinery

Materials

Total

Cost

Your Estimate

Hours

Cost

Hours

Cost

Units

Cost

Annual operating cash expense (same as Year 5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,618.92

 

Operating interest:

Current year @ 8% for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64.76

 

Net investment through Year 6 ($4356.66 @ 8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

348.53

 

Total Expense Year 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,032.21

 

Total accumulated expense through Year 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,388.87

 

Harvest income on 3.5 tons @ $1,000 / ton

 

 

 

 

 

 

3500.00

 

Net investment after 7 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,888.87

 

 

Year 8:

Annual operating cash expense (same as Year 5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,618.92

 

Operating interest:

Current year @ 8% for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64.76

 

Net investment through Year 7 ($2888.87 @ 8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

231.11

 

Total Expense Year 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,914.79

 

Total accumulated expense through Year 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,803.66

 

Harvest income on 3.5 tons @ $1,000 / ton

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,500.00

 

Net investment after 8 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

1303.66

 

 

Year 9:

Annual operating cash expense (same as Year 5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,618.92

 

Operating interest:

Current year @ 8% for .5 year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64.76

 

Net investment through Year 8 ($1303.66 @ 8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

104.29

 

Total Expense Year 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,787.97

 

Total accumulated expense through Year 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,091.63

 

Harvest income on 3.5 tons @ $1,000 / ton

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,500.00

 

Net Return after 9 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

408.37